About the Journal :
The Journal of Sharia Fundamentals for Specialized Researches is published quarterly, it is designed for whoever researcher seeking welfare that is based on knowledge. It seeks to provide a platform for the excellent researchers to present and consider the values and themes of various religious and social sciences acquired by learning and practice. It aimed at becoming a meeting point and channel for researchers to publish their innovative works, with regard to the interpretation of Islamic Sharia sciences and its regulations and the enhancing of social sciences to become adequate programs that serve the human and society in a significant and neutral way.
Our mission is to maintain the efforts of researchers and their innovative works in Islamic Sharia sciences known for its human civilizational value, through which we can spread awareness among people and ensure respect and strength of Islamic identity in different scientific, cultural, and social environments.
Therefore, this journal is designed to serve as a platform to identify the various religious and social dimensions of knowledge, such as considering the Holy Quran as the foremost and fundamental source of Islamic rules followed by the Sunah (biography of the Prophet Mohammed Peace and Blessings be Upon Him) that explains and clarifies the Holy Quran, along with its affiliated Sharia studies on the individual and society, such as studies concerned with Ijtihad which focuses on the studying of modern issues and finding solutions to them.
In this paper, the researcher is guided by the jurisprudential provisions regarding the guarantee of sold item if it damaged in the period of option. He mentioned the statements of the scholars of jurisprudential schools and their evidences in this matter. The problem of this study lies in some disputes between the buyers and sellers, If the soled item is destroyed during the duration of the given option. the objective of this study is to indicate who will have the guarantee if the soled item destroyed in the duration of the given option to avoid any dispute between the sellers and buyers. This study is a theoretical study depended on the library sources, in which the researcher used the comparative approaches. He presented the statements of the scholars of the four jurisprudential schools, the Hanafis, the Maaliki, the Shaafa'i and the Hanbali, and the statement of their dissertations, and discussed them scientifically depending on strength of evidence given by each school. The researcher concluded by the following result: In the Hanafis, the guarantee of sale in the duration of the option is responsibility the seller if the requirement of the option is of the seller alone, or of both, i.e. the seller and the buyer. while the guarantee shall be the responsibility of the buyer if the option requirement is of the buyer alone. As for the Maliki, the guarantee of option is responsibility the seller if the soled item damaged before the buyer receive it, whether the option is of both or of one of them. While if the soled item received by the buyer and damaged under his ownership in the duration of option, this shall have two conditions depending on the sold item’s nature; if the soled item could be concealed and kept safely, the guarantee is responsibility of the buyer because he was careless to keep the soled item safely. While if the soled item could not be concealed and kept safely, the guarantee responsibility should be of seller. Shaafa'iand Hanbali, considering the guarantee of the soled item is responsibility of the buyer if he received the soled item and it lost under his control because the condition of option means that the ownership of the soled item transferred from the seller to the buyer.