About the Journal :
The Journal of Sharia Fundamentals for Specialized Researches is published quarterly, it is designed for whoever researcher seeking welfare that is based on knowledge. It seeks to provide a platform for the excellent researchers to present and consider the values and themes of various religious and social sciences acquired by learning and practice. It aimed at becoming a meeting point and channel for researchers to publish their innovative works, with regard to the interpretation of Islamic Sharia sciences and its regulations and the enhancing of social sciences to become adequate programs that serve the human and society in a significant and neutral way.
Our mission is to maintain the efforts of researchers and their innovative works in Islamic Sharia sciences known for its human civilizational value, through which we can spread awareness among people and ensure respect and strength of Islamic identity in different scientific, cultural, and social environments.
Therefore, this journal is designed to serve as a platform to identify the various religious and social dimensions of knowledge, such as considering the Holy Quran as the foremost and fundamental source of Islamic rules followed by the Sunah (biography of the Prophet Mohammed Peace and Blessings be Upon Him) that explains and clarifies the Holy Quran, along with its affiliated Sharia studies on the individual and society, such as studies concerned with Ijtihad which focuses on the studying of modern issues and finding solutions to them.
There are many mechanisms for the application of international humanitarian law, some of which are at the international level, which are the States or bodies or organizations created by the international system for the application of humanitarian principles and rules. There are also mechanisms at the national level, and they work in each country and their role is complementary to the mechanisms at the international level, all of them are working to implement international humanitarian law with ease. In view of the mechanisms of application of international humanitarian law at the international level, which is the subject of our research and interest. This study aims to introduce the mechanisms of applying international humanitarian law at the international level, and I will discuss through the definition of the problem of research to clarify these mechanisms: The Protecting State, the International Committee of the Red Cross International If it has the opportunity and has the conditions to exercise its functions and carry out the duties entrusted to it under international conventions and conventions. The focus will be on the study of each of these mechanisms, clarifying their meaning, measuring their effectiveness and evaluation, and suggesting what measures can be taken with a view to developing them to achieve their purpose and clarifying the results achieved through studying these mechanisms.Through the analytical descriptive approach, legal rules were analyzed and the following conclusions were reached: IHL mitigates the scourge of war through a number of its implementation mechanisms. The reasons for the non-activation of the protective state system as a supervisory mechanism are due to the fact that the parties to the conflict have not agreed to choose a neutral state. There are a number of constraints or challenges facing the work of the ICRC.
Keywords: International Humanitarian Law, Implementation Mechanisms, Red Cross.