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The Journal of Sharia Fundamentals for Specialized Researches

About the Journal :

The Journal of Sharia Fundamentals for Specialized Researches is published quarterly, it is designed for whoever researcher seeking welfare that is based on knowledge. It seeks to provide a platform for the excellent researchers to present and consider the values and themes of various religious and social sciences acquired by learning and practice. It aimed at becoming a meeting point and channel for researchers to publish their innovative works, with regard to the interpretation of Islamic Sharia sciences and its regulations and the enhancing of social sciences to become adequate programs that serve the human and society in a significant and neutral way.

Our mission is to maintain the efforts of researchers and their innovative works in Islamic Sharia sciences known for its human civilizational value, through which we can spread awareness among people and ensure respect and strength of Islamic identity in different scientific, cultural, and social environments.

Therefore, this journal is designed to serve as a platform to identify the various religious and social dimensions of knowledge, such as considering the Holy Quran as the foremost and fundamental source of Islamic rules followed by the Sunah (biography of the Prophet Mohammed Peace and Blessings be Upon Him) that explains and clarifies the Holy Quran, along with its affiliated Sharia studies on the individual and society, such as studies concerned with Ijtihad which focuses on the studying of modern issues and finding solutions to them.



CHALLENGES OF THE LIBYAN POLITICAL SYSTEM DUE TO THE LEGISLATIVE AND EXECUTIVE AUTHORITIES: A STUDY OF POLITICAL SYSTEM PRINCIPL

Libya through this stage experiences several crises: security, economic and social. The country has a political mess, despite many international, regional and local attempts to provide solutions to successive crises, first and foremost finding a way out of the political crisis. However, these attempts did not address the major imbalance of these crises, or alert to the basis of the political crisis. The constitutional declaration issued in 2011, which controls the political scene so far, has delegated broad powers to the legislative authority, resulting in an almost total hegemony of the legislative power, with the absence of the executive authority role. It is the executive power that carries out the decisionsand are constrained by successive legislative authorities. This is contrary to the principles underlying contemporary political systems. Therefore, the research will clarify the principles of political systems and how they can be applied to the Libyan political system. Through the systematic analysis approach, the study reached the following findings: a vibration in the constitutional framework of the transitional period, which is supposed to be a constitutional bases for the next stage. The Libyan state remained in need for political re-reading in the light of modern constitutional systems, which meant the success of any political process in Libya.

Keywords: Libya - political crisis - political system - principles of systems