About the Journal :
The Journal of Sharia Fundamentals for Specialized Researches is published quarterly, it is designed for whoever researcher seeking welfare that is based on knowledge. It seeks to provide a platform for the excellent researchers to present and consider the values and themes of various religious and social sciences acquired by learning and practice. It aimed at becoming a meeting point and channel for researchers to publish their innovative works, with regard to the interpretation of Islamic Sharia sciences and its regulations and the enhancing of social sciences to become adequate programs that serve the human and society in a significant and neutral way.
Our mission is to maintain the efforts of researchers and their innovative works in Islamic Sharia sciences known for its human civilizational value, through which we can spread awareness among people and ensure respect and strength of Islamic identity in different scientific, cultural, and social environments.
Therefore, this journal is designed to serve as a platform to identify the various religious and social dimensions of knowledge, such as considering the Holy Quran as the foremost and fundamental source of Islamic rules followed by the Sunah (biography of the Prophet Mohammed Peace and Blessings be Upon Him) that explains and clarifies the Holy Quran, along with its affiliated Sharia studies on the individual and society, such as studies concerned with Ijtihad which focuses on the studying of modern issues and finding solutions to them.
This descriptive article discusses the role of scientific evidence in crimes investigations, to discover the culprits as soon as possible, protecting the rights of victims and punishing perpetrators. Recent scientific methods have been used by the police as evidence, which can be used as compelling evidence for the perpetrators, as judges use when making judgments.The problem in the fact that the defendants use scientific means and modern science to commit crimes. In view of the evolution of crime methods, the discovery of the perpetrator has become difficult. The scientific evidence itself poses problems that may affect the fundamental rights of the human being, making the disclosure of the truth extremely difficult for the judiciary. Through the analytical descriptive approach, the findings revealed that: The technological development was accompanied by an evolution in the means of criminality, and the perpetrators have used the latest science to commit their crimes. The methods of detection of the evidence have also developed. This development took two forms. Access to the manual using new means previously unknown; the second is tomodify and develop the use of traditional methods in a way that increases its effectiveness.The jurisprudence differed between supporters and opponents of the use of scientific evidence. The jurisprudence differed between supporters and opponents of the scientific evidence, to contradict two types of interests that seem difficult to reconcile. Those who support the fact that the scientific evidence helps to get the truth in less time and effort, and contradicts the evidence by claiming that it ends the role of the judge in the process of proof, so that he has only to comply with the opinion of the expert.
Keywords: scientific evidence, crimes, criminal evidence.