About the Journal :
The Journal of Sharia Fundamentals for Specialized Researches is published quarterly, it is designed for whoever researcher seeking welfare that is based on knowledge. It seeks to provide a platform for the excellent researchers to present and consider the values and themes of various religious and social sciences acquired by learning and practice. It aimed at becoming a meeting point and channel for researchers to publish their innovative works, with regard to the interpretation of Islamic Sharia sciences and its regulations and the enhancing of social sciences to become adequate programs that serve the human and society in a significant and neutral way.
Our mission is to maintain the efforts of researchers and their innovative works in Islamic Sharia sciences known for its human civilizational value, through which we can spread awareness among people and ensure respect and strength of Islamic identity in different scientific, cultural, and social environments.
Therefore, this journal is designed to serve as a platform to identify the various religious and social dimensions of knowledge, such as considering the Holy Quran as the foremost and fundamental source of Islamic rules followed by the Sunah (biography of the Prophet Mohammed Peace and Blessings be Upon Him) that explains and clarifies the Holy Quran, along with its affiliated Sharia studies on the individual and society, such as studies concerned with Ijtihad which focuses on the studying of modern issues and finding solutions to them.
This study concerns chosen jurisprudential issues in the Maliki Madhab (school of Thought). Such issues can provide information on how to treat or deal with a non-Muslim in the Maliki Madhab. It is hoped to highlight tolerance and openness of theMaliki towards a non-Muslim, as a feature from the moral and political features that propagated by the true Religion. The issue of communication with people of other religions considers an important sensitive old-new issue where prejudiced people alleged that Islam is disrespectful and negative. From here comes this research trying to evaluate this allegation through pointing out different issues in the Maliki Madhab. Choosing this particular Madhab does not indicate that other Madhahib(Schools of Thought) do not tolerate non-Muslims. Rather the Maliki Madhab is chosen for narrowing the scope of the study and specialization and expansion (of the studied maters). Among the important issues that the researcher chose are giving charity, zakat and endowment to a non-Muslim, feeding him from the Sacrifice, and letting him breastfeeds Muslim-children. The researcher recommends conducting a similar study in other SunniMadhahib to highlight tolerance of Islam with Dhimmi (Non-Muslim under protection of Muslim law). This could in turn exhibit this Religion (Islam) in its real spotless practical picture. Additionally, this also considers as invitation and exhortation to Islam.
Keywords: Non-Muslim who is a pacifist, Dhimmi, the Malik Madh